The Earth sciences involve the study of everything relating to the Earth, except for living things. These sciences include mainly geology and meteorology, although for some it would also include geography.
As they learn about the earth, children will learn about the characteristics of the earth’s environments (mountains, rivers, oceans, valleys, and deserts) and the four seasons. They’ll understand the weather, daytime vs. nighttime, the different phases of the moon, and resources and conservation.
The life sciences are those which study living things. Those sciences would include biology, botany, zoology, and ecology among others. As part of their study of the life sciences, children will learn:
- Basic structures of common plants and animals (arms, legs, wings, leaves, stems, roots, etc.)
- Living things adapt to the environment, grow and change, and have certain needs
- Living vs. non-living things
- The similarities and differences in plants vs. animals
- A wide variety of living things exists and that they are interdependent